Wood Knowledge
Learn About Wood...
We are generally producing lumber products from the
following types of wood.
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Commonly known as a Douglas Fir, Oregon Spruce, Oregon Pine or Coast Douglas Fir, this
cone-producing coniferous tree is one of the most important timber products in North America.
Annually, it accounts for approximately 1/4 of the lumber produced in the United States.
Douglas fir forests grow faster than all other forests, except trees in the redwood forest region.
Douglas fir wood products are dense, sturdy, durable, and very strong with a
light to salmon colored
This type of lumber is good for structural framing, siding, open beam support,  interior decor detail,
wainscoting and flooring.
Oregon Bigleaf Maple (Acer Macrophyllum)
Oregon bigleaf maples are commercial hardwood trees that are the largest maple trees in the
Pacific region. Also known as broadleaf, Canyon or White maple, Oregon bigleaf maples grow
well in the moist soils of the Northwest, and they regenerate annually due to their abundant seed
Maple lumber is very heavy, strong and durable, resistant to shock and abrasion, and has a high
nail-holding ability.
Possible uses for Maple lumber are ceilings,
paneling, flooring, furniture, craftsman projects, and
Oak (Querus garryana)
White oak is one of the most widely used of all American woods because of its all-purpose
strength and durability.
Oak is widely used for both interior and exterior purposes. Cabinets and furniture are among
interior products. Oak can be planed, holds glue and molding well and finishes nicely. Oak’s
resistance to decay and its strength make it well-suited for exterior uses such as fencing, doors
and siding.
The color of oak’s sapwood is nearly white and the heartwood is a darker brown, sometimes
speckled with a blonde grain. It has a natural or trendy blonde finish that is widely used for
aesthetic decoration. A high-glossed oak is also very popular in furniture design.
Oak lumber is very heavy, stiff and durable, yet has the ability to bend well when steamed. It is
straight grained, holds a stain or finish nicely , is highly resistant to decay and is watertight.
This wood is good to use for flooring, doors, siding, wainscoting, cabinetry, furniture, barrels,
railroad ties, fencing and structural support.
Alder (Alnus rubra)
    Red Alder is a primary hardwood in the Pacific Northwest, heavily used for making furniture in
Washington and Oregon.
Alder grain is modestly wavy to straight and the coloration is a pale, pinkish brown to almost white.
It is a softer hardwood with good strength, stability, resistance and a fair-to-good nail-holding
ability. It has low resistance to decay, which makes it preferable for interior uses. It's straight to
wavy grain pattern makes it visually appealing and it has a nice natural finish. It also takes a stain
and finish nicely.
It is good for furniture, cabinets, shelving,
interior paneling, flooring, moldings, detail woodwork
and for firewood.
Grand Fir (Abies grandis)
Also called 'white fir' or 'lowland white fir', this tree grows in moist locations and is common
around valleys and streams.
Once dried, this very light-colored wood is great for staining because its light color takes treatment
It does not have the strength of Douglas Fir, but due to its color and appearance it is often
preferred for projects where stain is applied or color sought.
Potential uses include exterior siding, ground contact or in-ground use, and structural uses.
Wanna learn more about wood? Check out the links below
for information on wood, lumber and the timber industry.

Paw Lumber Co.
20209 Grant Rd.
Monmouth, OR 97361-8500
Phone: 541-929-8008
Fax: 541-929-8425
email: rsapp@pawlumber.com

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Paw Lumber Co.